Missing Millions

Considering the untapped potential
of millions of working age people
in the UK

Missing Millions: Considering the untapped potential of millions of working age people in the UK - City & Guilds Group 2020
Methodology - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
5000 Working age people were surveyed by research agency YouGov - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Economic modellers Emsi provided an economic forecast for the Government regions of the UK considering key issues such as productivity, training and employment - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
The current situation - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
High skilled jobs now account for 42% of all jobs in the UK – and this is predicted to rise - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
The OECD estimate that 38% - 42% of the UK population will need to completely retrain within the next 10 years owing to the impact of Artificial Intelligence - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Yet spending on apprenticeships and other work-based learning for adults has fallen by about 25% in real terms since 2009–10  and student numbers have decreased from 4.4 million in 2004–05 to 1.5 million in 2017–18 - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
This suggests that vast swathes of the nation are at risk of being left behind - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Unemployment is at a record low (3.8%), but we can harness the underemployed in society to fill skills gaps and push up social mobility - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

Our findings

Our findings - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

We need more skilled people to fill jobs

The number of high skilled jobs have steadily increased over recent years with almost 13% growth seen between 2011 and 2019 - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

The number of high skilled jobs have steadily increased over recent years with almost 13% growth seen between 2011 and 2019.

But are we giving people the skills they need to do these jobs?

To increase skills we need to ensure more people have access to regular workplace training.

Our research found that almost half of respondents (47%) had not taken part in any workplace training in the last three years with 26% saying that had not received any training for at least a decade - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

Our research found that almost half of respondents (47%) had not taken part in any workplace training in the last three years with 26% saying that had not received any training for at least a decade.


People value training

77% of people who had received training told us that it helped them to do their job better - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" Report 2020

77% of people who had received training told us that it helped them to do their job better.

But we are not using people’s skills in the workplace.

60% of respondents told us that their skills were underutilised at least 50% of the time - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

60% of respondents told us that their skills were underutilised at least 50% of the time.

Who?

We are not utilising older workers effectively

Those aged 18 - 24 are most likely to change career in the next 5 years 83% vs 21% of those aged 55+ - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

Those aged 18 - 24 are most likely to change career in the next 5 years 83% vs 21% of those aged 55+.

And yet 55+ were most likely to have received training more than 10 years ago (17%) and were the less positive about their career prospects (27%).


We are not valuing the contribution of part-time workers

61% of our survey respondents told us that they work full time, while 17% said they worked part-time (between 8 – 29 hours per week)- City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

61% of our survey respondents told us that they work full time, while 17% said they worked part-time (between 8 – 29 hours per week).

Women (51%) are still much less likely to be working full time than men (73%) - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

Women (51%) are still much less likely to be working full time than men (73%).

People from less advantaged socio-economic backgrounds (C2DE – 41%) are also far less likely to be working full time that those from more advantaged socio-economic backgrounds (ABC1 – 71%). City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People from less advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds (C2DE – 41%) are also far less likely to be working full time that those from more advantaged socio-economic backgrounds (ABC1 – 71%).


We are not giving the same opportunities to progress

People from higher socio-economic backgrounds were far more likely to state that they believed that their education had been helpful in getting them a job (57%) than those from lower socioeconomic groups (35%). City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People from higher socio-economic backgrounds were far more likely to state that they believed that their education had been helpful in getting them a job (57%) than those from lower socioeconomic groups (35%).

People from more affluent socioeconomic groups (ABC1) were much more likely (37%) to have received training in the last 6 months than those from less affluent socioeconomic groups (22%) - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People from more affluent socioeconomic groups (ABC1) were much more likely (37%) to have received training in the last 6 months than those from less affluent socioeconomic groups (22%).

Where?

We are not making best use of workers outside of London

People living in London (73%) were much more likely to be working full-time vs’s People living in the North East who were the least likely (45%). - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People living in London (73%) were much more likely to be working full-time vs people living in the North East who were the least likely (45%).


People living in the North East (31%) and people in Wales (29%) were far less likely as those living in London (64%) to say that there were lots of job opportunities in their area. - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People living in the North East (31%) and people in Wales (29%) were far less likely as those living in London (64%) to say that there were lots of job opportunities in their area.


People living in London (44%) are far more likely to have received a higher level of education than the rest of the nation (30%) - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People living in London (44%) are far more likely to have received a higher level of education than the rest of the nation (30%).


People living in the North East (71%) were far more likely than people living anywhere else to believe that there were hardly any jobs in their area, with those living in London (29%) least likely to believe this - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020

People living in the North East (71%) were far more likely than people living anywhere else to believe that there were hardly any jobs in their area, with those living in London (29%) least likely to believe this.

Our recommendations

Our recommendations - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
There is an urgent need for a review of adult education, re-prioritising funding in this area and creating a system that supports retraining and reskilling throughout our working lives - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Central and Local Governments should collaborate with employers and learning providers, to create ‘Lifelong Learning Hubs’ focussed on creating the skills that the local labour market needs - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Skills policies should look to address the widening social mobility gap in this country - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
We need a decentralised skills system that better meets the needs of the local and national economy - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Careers advice and guidance needs to improve for people at all stages of their career - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Employers should invest in training and development across the whole business to drive up levels of retention and drive down the need for costly recruitment - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Employers need to get better at recognising and utilising people’s skills - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020
Harness the underemployed to fill skills gaps and push up social mobility - City & Guilds "Missing Millions" report 2020
Learning programmes should be designed to meet the needs of today’s learners - City & Guilds Group "Missing Millions" report 2020